Red de Indicadores de Ciencia y Tecnología -Iberoamericana e Interamericana - RICYT
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Investigadores por disciplina científica (Personas Físicas)199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013Researchers by field of science (Headcount)
ArgentinaCs. Naturales y Exactas 29.13%27.55%25.75%28.75%30.10%29.83%29.38%28.64%29.42%29.11%28.81%29.52%28.69%27.73%27.49%26.61%26.80%Natural sciencesArgentina
ArgentinaIngeniería y Tecnología 20.07%19.89%19.58%19.27%19.26%18.08%17.53%17.71%17.53%18.05%17.46%17.96%14.87%15.90%15.18%16.40%17.73%Engineering and technologyArgentina
ArgentinaCiencias Médicas 10.16%12.48%15.00%13.08%12.01%12.91%13.39%15.01%14.24%13.28%13.14%12.73%12.73%12.20%13.55%13.30%13.18%Medical SciencesArgentina
ArgentinaCiencias Agrícolas 14.94%13.84%13.28%11.80%10.98%11.39%11.60%11.29%12.33%12.22%12.30%11.58%12.01%11.21%11.50%11.34%10.06%Agricultural sciencesArgentina
ArgentinaCiencias Sociales 14.59%15.05%15.29%15.02%16.35%17.77%18.35%18.04%17.74%18.44%19.04%19.49%22.10%22.85%22.55%22.62%22.59%Social SciencesArgentina
ArgentinaHumanidades 11.09%11.15%11.07%12.05%11.28%9.98%9.71%9.28%8.71%8.87%9.23%8.69%9.58%10.08%9.70%9.69%9.61%HumanitiesArgentina
BoliviaCs. Naturales y Exactas 29%28%27%27%26% 44.88%25.40% Natural sciencesBolivia
BoliviaIngeniería y Tecnología 20%20%20%20%22% 20.44%21.31% Engineering and technologyBolivia
BoliviaCiencias Médicas 22%23%24%24%23% 12.84%15.83% Medical SciencesBolivia
BoliviaCiencias Agrícolas 15%15%15%15%16% 8.01%15.23% Agricultural sciencesBolivia
BoliviaCiencias Sociales 10%10%10%10%10% 11.76%16.53% Social SciencesBolivia
BoliviaHumanidades 4%4%4%4%3% 2.05%5.66% HumanitiesBolivia
ChileCs. Naturales y Exactas Natural sciencesChile
ChileIngeniería y Tecnología Engineering and technologyChile
ChileCiencias Médicas Medical SciencesChile
ChileCiencias Agrícolas Agricultural sciencesChile
ChileCiencias Sociales Social SciencesChile
ChileHumanidades HumanitiesChile
ColombiaCs. Naturales y Exactas 27.08%26.86% 25.72%26.23%25.73%25.43%25.23%22.78%22.57%22.13%21.41%20.80%18.50%18.35%18.50%18.87%Natural sciencesColombia
ColombiaIngeniería y Tecnología 21.07%20.93% 10.11%10.63%11.23%11.96%12.65%12.48%13.12%13.45%13.57%13.63%15.16%15.58%15.72%16.11%Engineering and technologyColombia
ColombiaCiencias Médicas 11.95%12.02% 15.93%15.15%15.17%14.59%14.27%13.82%13.67%13.59%13.24%13.39%15.48%15.68%15.84%16.32%Medical SciencesColombia
ColombiaCiencias Agrícolas 8.53%8.80% 8.28%8.26%8.03%7.71%7.27%6.17%5.99%5.86%5.69%5.72%5.76%5.68%5.50%5.39%Agricultural sciencesColombia
ColombiaCiencias Sociales 26.58%27.43% 30.72%30.65%30.85%31.78%32.38%32.21%32.39%32.72%33.49%34.04%34.97%35.05%34.87%34.18%Social SciencesColombia
ColombiaHumanidades 4.74%3.91% 9.21%9.05%8.95%8.49%8.18%12.50%12.21%12.22%12.56%12.39%10.10%9.63%9.55%9.11%HumanitiesColombia
Costa RicaCs. Naturales y Exactas 29% 27.97%28.89%26.12%25.31%19.91%19.85%19.19%20.96%21.07%Natural sciencesCosta Rica
Costa RicaIngeniería y Tecnología 9% 11.08%14.34%13.90%13.89%16.30%18.16%19.89%15.32%14.82%Engineering and technologyCosta Rica
Costa RicaCiencias Médicas 9% 14.33%13.34%16.78%16.94%14.85%17.59%18.06%17.45%16.37%Medical SciencesCosta Rica
Costa RicaCiencias Agrícolas 28% 20.15%13.77%13.22%13.92%17.38%16.81%17.33%14.64%16.83%Agricultural sciencesCosta Rica
Costa RicaCiencias Sociales 25% 26.45%23.81%24.37%24.73%26.07%22.78%21.18%27.25%26.40%Social SciencesCosta Rica
Costa RicaHumanidades 5.81%5.58%5.18%5.45%4.78%4.32%4.34%4.48%HumanitiesCosta Rica
EcuadorCs. Naturales y Exactas 25.61%24.13%24.37% 7.21%8.49%10.94%17.32%15.27%14.62%20.17%19.76%Natural sciencesEcuador
EcuadorIngeniería y Tecnología 25.30%24.28%24.61% 16.88%18.73%38.39%19.72%21.09%20.13%19.02%20.37%Engineering and technologyEcuador
EcuadorCiencias Médicas 6.94%7.75%9.23% 11.46%11.78%6.82%11.93%12.81%11.27%12.76%12.20%Medical SciencesEcuador
EcuadorCiencias Agrícolas 32.71%32.47%31.95% 46.13%40.94%16.69%13.51%12.22%11.37%9.39%8.80%Agricultural sciencesEcuador
EcuadorCiencias Sociales 8.33%10.48%9.23% 9.79%12.40%16.05%28.71%31.54%35.08%32.49%32.15%Social SciencesEcuador
EcuadorHumanidades 1.08%0.86%0.59% 8.50%7.63%11.09%8.78%7.05%7.49%6.15%6.68%HumanitiesEcuador
GuatemalaCs. Naturales y Exactas 16.66%8.57%19.49%19.29%17.72%15.37%23.46%20.42%22.37%Natural sciencesGuatemala
GuatemalaIngeniería y Tecnología 8.33%5.45%14.90%17.04%6.74%11.48%13.14%16.21%15.56%Engineering and technologyGuatemala
GuatemalaCiencias Médicas 4.32%2.92%7.79%6.19%7.67%18.24%12.31%19.81%16.34%Medical SciencesGuatemala
GuatemalaCiencias Agrícolas 47.53%59.25%31.05%30.14%39.68%22.63%20.79%18.31%24.12%Agricultural sciencesGuatemala
GuatemalaCiencias Sociales 9.25%18.12%19.35%19.15%20.89%24.15%23.12%18.76%10.11%Social SciencesGuatemala
GuatemalaHumanidades 13.88%5.65%7.38%8.16%7.27%8.10%7.15%6.45%11.47%HumanitiesGuatemala
MéxicoCs. Naturales y Exactas 5.46%6.48% Natural sciencesMexico
MéxicoIngeniería y Tecnología 17.45%17.24% Engineering and technologyMexico
MéxicoCiencias Médicas 13.05%12.62% Medical SciencesMexico
MéxicoCiencias Agrícolas 3.87%2.77% Agricultural sciencesMexico
MéxicoCiencias Sociales 57.71%58.53% Social SciencesMexico
MéxicoHumanidades 2.46%2.36% HumanitiesMexico
PanamáCs. Naturales y Exactas 29.62%36.08%26.67%24.66% 23.25%35.13%24.50%45.37%29.73% Natural sciencesPanama
PanamáIngeniería y Tecnología 10.07%8.03%10.80%4.06% 5.25%11.08%11.06%10.18%12.41% Engineering and technologyPanama
PanamáCiencias Médicas 5.48%11.37%11.63%26.18% 32.5%14.59%13.43%12.03%22.22% Medical SciencesPanama
PanamáCiencias Agrícolas 15.71%29.54%21.00%17.60% 19.75%19.72%32.41%22.68%8.49% Agricultural sciencesPanama
PanamáCiencias Sociales 32.18%14.95%23.39%22.60% 14%18.37%17.39%9.02%27.12% Social SciencesPanama
PanamáHumanidades 6.91% 6.50%4.85% 5.25%1.08%1.18%0.69% HumanitiesPanama
PortugalCs. Naturales y Exactas 25.05%25.79%26.49%25.79%25.20%25.00%24.80%24.71%24.65%24.99%24.70%24.73%21.64%21.92%20.42%Natural sciencesPortugal
PortugalIngeniería y Tecnología 25.33%25.27%25.21%25.29%25.37%26.22%27.05%31.28%34.23%26.61%27.25%26.13%30.12%29.62%30.25%Engineering and technologyPortugal
PortugalCiencias Médicas 15.07%14.76%14.47%14.16%13.89%14.49%15.08%12.86%11.31%14.20%14.44%14.75%15.92%16.50%15.47%Medical SciencesPortugal
PortugalCiencias Agrícolas 8.05%7.66%7.29%7.12%6.97%6.44%5.92%4.88%4.16%3.30%2.82%2.81%3.79%2.72%2.52%Agricultural sciencesPortugal
PortugalCiencias Sociales 16.24%16.42%16.59%17.40%18.10%17.49%16.90%16.61%16.40%20.60%19.66%19.25%18.21%18.12%19.05%Social SciencesPortugal
PortugalHumanidades 10.22%10.07%9.93%10.21%10.45%10.33%10.22%9.63%9.22%10.27%11.10%12.30%10.30%11.09%12.25%HumanitiesPortugal
ParaguayCs. Naturales y Exactas 8.47%7.05%7.65%7.34%15.26% 13.93% Natural sciencesParaguay
ParaguayIngeniería y Tecnología 6.26%12.84%12.05%13.64%16.18% 15.92% Engineering and technologyParaguay
ParaguayCiencias Médicas 26.15%17.75%19.85%19.68%10.78% 12.93% Medical SciencesParaguay
ParaguayCiencias Agrícolas 30.93%33.62%34.75%33.59%35% 22.13% Agricultural sciencesParaguay
ParaguayCiencias Sociales 26.33%26.19%23.97%24.40%16.31% 24.62% Social SciencesParaguay
ParaguayHumanidades 1.86%2.51%1.70%1.31%6.44% 10.44% HumanitiesParaguay
El SalvadorCs. Naturales y Exactas 25.79%25.96%26.15%30.03%28.83%56.60%49.45%43.79%42.77%40.33%39.27%Natural sciencesEl Salvador
El SalvadorIngeniería y Tecnología 15.47%16.66%16.53%21.29%23.72%22.94%21.53%19.57%19.88%20%19.63%Engineering and technologyEl Salvador
El SalvadorCiencias Médicas 12.30%12.79%12.69%11.02%10.58%8.47%10.98%13.75%14.25%15.04%15.55%Medical SciencesEl Salvador
El SalvadorCiencias Agrícolas 17.46%15.89%15.76%12.54%12.04%3.24%4.61%4.06%3.93%5.12%4.68%Agricultural sciencesEl Salvador
El SalvadorCiencias Sociales 22.22%21.70%21.92%20.91%20.80%6.98%10.76%15.50%15.94%16.36%17.52%Social SciencesEl Salvador
El SalvadorHumanidades 6.74%6.97%6.92%4.18%4.01%1.74%2.63%3.29%3.18%3.14%3.32%HumanitiesEl Salvador
Trinidad y TobagoCs. Naturales y Exactas 32.43%32.02% 29.92%29.65%22.62%26.17%23.54%35.24%35.83%32.07%23.83%24.72%22.58%Natural sciencesTrinidad y Tobago
Trinidad y TobagoIngeniería y Tecnología 16.55%14.14% 20.65%24.90%19.89%17.24%17.23%12.62%10.29%11.88%20.47%29.54%22.02%Engineering and technologyTrinidad y Tobago
Trinidad y TobagoCiencias Médicas 12.52%11.00% 11.77%15.96%21.89%18.80%19.96%8.51%10.54%15.87%15.23%14.44%20.98%Medical SciencesTrinidad y Tobago
Trinidad y TobagoCiencias Agrícolas 19.01%22.39% 20.84%7.03%25.54%26.01%25.93%22.76%21.98%18.61%20.07%10.50%8.11%Agricultural sciencesTrinidad y Tobago
Trinidad y TobagoCiencias Sociales 19.46%20.43% 16.79%22.43%10.03%11.75%13.31%20.85%21.34%21.55%20.37%20.78%26.28%Social SciencesTrinidad y Tobago
Trinidad y TobagoHumanidades HumanitiesTrinidad y Tobago
UruguayCs. Naturales y Exactas 32.32%31.31% 40.87% 27.30% 35.73%30.43%28.36%27.24%28.10%28.82%Natural sciencesUruguay
UruguayIngeniería y Tecnología 15.09%16.25% 16.90% 30.79% 10.95%11.17%11.11%10.05%10.58%10.45%Engineering and technologyUruguay
UruguayCiencias Médicas 24.86%14.33% 20.26% 8.89% 11.59%12.28%12.88%13.06%13.07%12.78%Medical SciencesUruguay
UruguayCiencias Agrícolas 14.72%16.70% 12.06% 14.01% 13.83%15.29%15.86%16.59%15.59%15.36%Agricultural sciencesUruguay
UruguayCiencias Sociales 13.01%17.49% 7.00% 14.64% 20.74%21.99%23.13%23.64%23.61%23.28%Social SciencesUruguay
UruguayHumanidades 3.89% 2.89% 4.33% 7.13%8.82%8.62%9.38%9.02%9.28%HumanitiesUruguay
VenezuelaCs. Naturales y Exactas 26.35%25.96%23.29%22.33%21.58%20.84%20.84%18.85%17.31%38.53%36.66%34.43%32.52%30.46%30.46%12.23%11.03%11.55%Natural sciencesVenezuela
VenezuelaIngeniería y Tecnología 15.05%15.87%15.35%15.16%13.31%12.46%12.46%13.22%13.15%12.06%11.62%12.16%12.32%12.12%12.12%15.78%14.79%13.06%Engineering and technologyVenezuela
VenezuelaCiencias Médicas 37.01%35.69%37.54%39.15%34.40%28.31%28.31%21.96%19.85%9.36%10.54%11.01%10.98%12.26%12.26%20.10%18.62%16.68%Medical SciencesVenezuela
VenezuelaCiencias Agrícolas 3.60%3.36%3.77%3.61%9.43%16.70%16.70%19.80%21.60%13.14%12.10%11.08%10.93%10.49%10.49%22.79%23.34%19.72%Agricultural sciencesVenezuela
VenezuelaCiencias Sociales 17.96%19.09%20.03%19.72%21.25%21.66%21.66%26.14%28.08%6.96%7.56%8.63%9.09%9.80%9.80%11.82%12.78%16.94%Social SciencesVenezuela
VenezuelaHumanidades 19.94%21.48%22.67%24.14%24.84%24.84%17.25%19.41%22.03%HumanitiesVenezuela
Notas:
- Los valores consignados a cada categoría no coinciden necesariamente con el número total de investigadores. Se calculan los porcentajes en base a los valores consignados.
- Investigadores: Incluye Becarios de I+D.
- Guatemala: Los datos consignados corresponden unicamente a los investigadores que trabajan en proyectos de I+D del sector público y educación superior Los datos consignados corresponden unicamente a los investigadores que trabajan en proyectos de I+D del sector público y educación superior
- Paraguay: Para los años 2003, 2004 y 2005 no se cuenta con los datos desagregados para Becarios de I+D. Para los años 2003, 2004 y 2005 no se cuenta con los datos desagregados para Becarios de I+D.
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