Red de Indicadores de Ciencia y Tecnología -Iberoamericana e Interamericana - RICYT
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Gasto en I+D por sector de ejecución19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015R&D Expenditure by performance sector
ArgentinaGobierno 40.92%39.56%39.48%38.99%38.26%39.90%37.21%41.14%39.65%39.70%40.66%38.92%41.79%41.61%42.10%40.60%43.35%44.97%47.72%51.16%GovernmentArgentina
ArgentinaEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 25.86%29.09%30.16%28.30%25.87%22.81%26.07%28.96%32.99%32.23%30.40%30.34%27.44%27.66%27.01%27.59%25.32%24.22%20.05%21.24%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Argentina
ArgentinaEducación Superior 31.53%29.81%28.52%30.38%33.48%35.00%33.88%27.40%25.00%25.83%26.47%28.82%29.02%29.13%29.32%30.19%29.64%29.13%30.46%25.97%Higher EducationArgentina
ArgentinaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 1.67%1.52%1.82%2.32%2.37%2.27%2.81%2.48%2.34%2.22%2.45%1.90%1.73%1.57%1.54%1.59%1.67%1.67%1.74%1.61%Private non-profit organizationsArgentina
BoliviaGobierno GovernmentBolivia
BoliviaEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Bolivia
BoliviaEducación Superior Higher EducationBolivia
BoliviaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro Private non-profit organizationsBolivia
CanadáGobierno19.06%18.69%17.71%16.62%15.08%14.40%14.72%13.21%12.17%11.86%11.23%10.28%10.50%9.56%8.89%9.69%9.72%9.73%9.75%10.44%11.01%9.36%8.87%9.59%9.20%9.47%GovernmentCanada
CanadáEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas)50.38%49.73%50.64%52.72%56.71%58.09%57.87%59.71%60.18%58.96%60.29%61.67%57.55%57.07%56.76%55.80%56.65%55.78%54.12%53.23%51.72%53.06%51.05%50.14%49.88%48.92%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Canada
CanadáEducación Superior29.56%30.54%31.03%30.03%27.54%26.83%26.75%26.50%27.16%28.81%28.18%27.76%31.67%32.98%33.95%33.96%33.09%33.91%35.53%35.90%36.81%37.16%39.60%39.76%40.40%41.09%Higher EducationCanada
CanadáOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro0.99%1.02%0.59%0.60%0.64%0.66%0.64%0.56%0.47%0.35%0.28%0.27%0.26%0.37%0.38%0.53%0.52%0.56%0.58%0.41%0.44%0.39%0.46%0.49%0.50%0.49%Private non-profit organizationsCanada
ChileGobierno 9.86%9.67%3.33%3.68%3.97%4.07%8.39%8.14%7.81%GovernmentChile
ChileEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 34.72%40.41%29.32%29.61%34.04%34.42%35.00%33.37%34.30%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Chile
ChileEducación Superior 43.03%40.81%39.81%38.52%32.40%34.26%39.32%38.95%38.52%Higher EducationChile
ChileOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 12.37%9.09%27.53%28.16%29.57%27.22%17.27%19.52%19.35%Private non-profit organizationsChile
ColombiaGobierno 5%5%13% 2.57%2.78%3.07%2.66%6.96%6.07%8.91%5.37%3.70%5.08%7.07%3.10%2.52%6.85%3.28%2.35%GovernmentColombia
ColombiaEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 36%30%21% 30.73%30.15%28.24%18.42%22.78%20.23%18.46%23.25%30.01%21.77%23.80%24.31%31.72%23.91%43.91%46.35%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Colombia
ColombiaEducación Superior 41%35%42% 48.49%50.23%47.76%58.17%52.75%53.96%50.69%43.46%41.77%44.56%41.69%37.68%40.50%36.86%34.01%32.73%Higher EducationColombia
ColombiaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 18%30%24% 18.19%16.82%20.91%20.74%17.49%19.71%21.93%27.91%24.49%28.57%27.42%34.89%25.24%32.35%18.79%18.54%Private non-profit organizationsColombia
Costa RicaGobierno 12.32%12.39%17.00%22.30%19.47% 10.99%17.00% 13.37%15.90%16.74%23.48%37.47%36.59%27.08%28.87%26.92% GovernmentCosta Rica
Costa RicaEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 21.70%25.97%24.76%15.84%23.27% 32.00%28.00% 44.94%28.84%30.21%25.70%16.79%15.85%31.27%31.51%36.46% Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Costa Rica
Costa RicaEducación Superior 36.63%35.41%36.05%38.47%36.19% 38.00%33.99% 36.40%48.87%47.89%48.98%43.47%45.23%39.81%37.80%35.78% Higher EducationCosta Rica
Costa RicaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 29.32%26.21%22.17%23.37%21.04% 19.00%21.00% 5.28%6.36%5.13%1.81%2.25%2.31%1.82%1.80%0.82% Private non-profit organizationsCosta Rica
EcuadorGobierno 45.01%68.4%60.6%61.93% 28.57%33.54%34.94% 75.54%66.95%90%42.03%36.38%24.52%24.74%31.61%36.80% GovernmentEcuador
EcuadorEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 9.04%4.04%4.38%4.74% 13.49%11.39%12.90% 19.02%24.82%8.57%40.85%43.39%58.11%57.25%49.05%42.30% Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Ecuador
EcuadorEducación Superior 38.13%15.52%19.54%16.09% 11.11%11.39%10.75% 4.16%4.45%1.42%12.97%16.16%14.19%16.37%17.46%19.46% Higher EducationEcuador
EcuadorOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 7.80%12.04%15.48%17.21% 46.82%43.67%41.39% 1.26%3.76% 4.13%4.04%3.16%1.62%1.86%1.42% Private non-profit organizationsEcuador
EspañaGobierno21.26%21.26%20.00%20.00%20.69%18.62%18.29%17.36%16.27%16.88%15.82%15.88%15.40%15.36%15.95%17.04%16.68%17.60%18.17%20.07%20.08%19.47%19.09%18.72%18.78%19.13%GovernmentSpain
EspañaEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas)57.82%55.99%50.50%47.75%46.75%48.23%48.34%48.79%52.11%51.99%53.66%52.36%54.58%54.10%54.38%53.79%55.50%55.86%54.91%51.89%51.45%52.14%52.97%53.07%52.91%52.53%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Spain
EspañaEducación Superior20.36%22.21%28.91%31.27%31.57%32.02%32.25%32.72%30.51%30.11%29.61%30.91%29.77%30.34%29.53%29.02%27.64%26.37%26.74%27.83%28.26%28.21%27.74%28.03%28.12%28.11%Higher EducationSpain
EspañaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro0.54%0.51%0.57%0.96%0.96%1.12%1.09%1.10%1.10%1.00%0.89%0.83%0.24%0.19%0.13%0.13%0.17%0.15%0.15%0.19%0.19%0.16%0.18%0.16%0.16%0.20%Private non-profit organizationsSpain
GuatemalaGobierno 33.70%26.91%16.31%13.43%11.15%8.35%12.37%16.54%25.92%25.27%30.73%GovernmentGuatemala
GuatemalaEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 2.88%0.70%0.85% 1.99%0.13%0.33%0.16%0.13%0.55%0.87%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Guatemala
GuatemalaEducación Superior 63.28%70.07%77.79%80.93%84.67%90.26%86.11%82.32%72.02%73.64%68.38%Higher EducationGuatemala
GuatemalaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 0.12%2.29%5.03%5.62%2.17%1.24%1.17%0.96%1.91%0.53%--Private non-profit organizationsGuatemala
MéxicoGobierno 35.46%27.69%33.00%36.41%38.74%36.78%44.99%41.71%39.06%24.99%28.35%25.91%23.17%24.09%27.60%30.97%28.49%33.43%32.15%37.97%37.99%38.53%37.83%GovernmentMexico
MéxicoEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 10.35%25.24%20.75%22.35%19.73%28.17%25.53%29.75%30.29%33.96%30.67%42.66%46.94%48.85%42.17%34.06%36.65%35.23%34.88%29.70%31.17%29.93%29.96%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Mexico
MéxicoEducación Superior 53.73%46.69%45.81%37.89%39.88%31.55%26.34%28.27%30.41%39.72%39.66%30.30%28.74%25.84%28.26%31.22%30.66%29.07%30.83%27.51%26.14%26.65%26.77%Higher EducationMexico
MéxicoOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 0.44%0.37%0.42%3.33%1.63%3.49%3.11%0.25%0.22%1.32%1.30%1.11%1.12%1.20%1.95%3.73%4.19%2.25%2.12%4.81%4.67%4.87%5.42%Private non-profit organizationsMexico
PanamáGobierno 31.55%35.47%36.91%39.72%43.02%41.47%43.73%27.93%29.87%62.26%67.1%49.25%51.74%32.33%37.13%40.81%42.37%47.11%51.71%55.53%64.26%63.38%57.99% GovernmentPanama
PanamáEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 1.61% 1.00%1.03%0.24%1.75%1.64%1.99%1.97%1.87% Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Panama
PanamáEducación Superior 5.64%6.69%9.17%9.41%8.19%8.58%8.99%22.78%28.27%7.10%9.2%7.19%5.79%7.61%8.63%7.27%7.23%8.73%2.44%2.02%2.45%2.42%2.44% Higher EducationPanama
PanamáOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 62.81%57.84%53.92%50.87%48.79%48.34%47.28%49.29%41.85%30.63%23.7%43.55%42.45%60.04%54.24%50.90%49.35%43.91%44.08%40.79%31.28%32.21%37.68% Private non-profit organizationsPanama
PerúGobierno 32.67%39.21%35.9%37%35.83%31.21%35.36%25.63% 44.53%41.68%GovernmentPerú
PerúEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 14.29%11.93%11.61%9.98%10.21%10.55%9.81%29.17% Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Perú
PerúEducación Superior 44.67%39.78%40.08%41.87%42.57%46.99%44.72%38.11% 43.29%46.85%Higher EducationPerú
PerúOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 8.37%9.07%12.41%11.15%11.39%11.23%10.09%7.08% 12.16%11.45%Private non-profit organizationsPerú
Puerto RicoGobierno 2.13% 1.75% 1.71%GovernmentPuerto Rico
Puerto RicoEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 66.36% 66.03% 69.27%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Puerto Rico
Puerto RicoEducación Superior 30.29% 31.78% 28.60%Higher EducationPuerto Rico
Puerto RicoOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 1.19% 0.42% 0.40%Private non-profit organizationsPuerto Rico
PortugalGobierno25.44% 22.12% 27.02% 24.21%26.39%27.94%23.91%20.75%18.83%16.87%15.65%14.61%11.34%9.35%7.28%7.30%7.11%7.37%5.35%6.51%6.26%6.48%GovernmentPortugal
PortugalEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas)26.10% 21.70% 20.91% 22.45%22.58%22.68%27.79%31.80%32.47%33.15%36.02%38.46%46.40%51.23%50.09%47.30%45.92%47.39%49.70%47.50%46.40%46.39%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Portugal
PortugalEducación Superior36.03% 43.02% 37.04% 40.04%39.18%38.58%37.50%36.65%37.53%38.42%36.78%35.39%31.89%29.75%34.47%36.57%36.86%36.38%36.46%44.64%45.60%45.54%Higher EducationPortugal
PortugalOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro12.41% 13.14% 15.01% 13.28%11.82%10.79%10.78%10.78%11.15%11.54%11.53%11.51%10.36%9.65%8.13%8.81%10.09%8.84%8.47%1.33%1.72%1.58%Private non-profit organizationsPortugal
ParaguayGobierno 36.35%35.93%35.93%35.93%27.03% 28.32% 20.48%31.61% 37.23%39.61%GovernmentParaguay
ParaguayEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 0.78% Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Paraguay
ParaguayEducación Superior 19.25%40.71%40.71%40.71%61.74% 59.85% 58.47%59.92% 43.39%42.83%Higher EducationParaguay
ParaguayOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 44.38%23.35%23.35%23.35%11.21% 11.81% 20.25%8.45% 19.36%17.54%Private non-profit organizationsParaguay
El SalvadorGobierno 45%39.79%26.63%GovernmentEl Salvador
El SalvadorEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 41.62%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)El Salvador
El SalvadorEducación Superior 100%100%100%100%100%100%55%60.20%31.73%Higher EducationEl Salvador
El SalvadorOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro Private non-profit organizationsEl Salvador
Trinidad y TobagoGobierno 56.14%54.94%69.57%71.33%69.04%68.35%70.05%70.02%53.18%45.13%57.56%55.60%67.26%61.27%57.41%60.24%63.30%60.61%73.72%78.30%GovernmentTrinidad y Tobago
Trinidad y TobagoEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 23.69%22.42%6.11%7.13%11.13%11.77%10.98%10.36%24.31%29.49%1.46%2.24%2.62%2.18% Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Trinidad y Tobago
Trinidad y TobagoEducación Superior 20.16%22.63%24.30%21.52%19.82%19.86%18.95%19.60%22.49%25.37%40.96%42.14%30.11%36.54%42.58%39.75%36.69%39.38%26.27%21.69%Higher EducationTrinidad y Tobago
Trinidad y TobagoOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro Private non-profit organizationsTrinidad y Tobago
Estados UnidosGobierno15.47%14.50%14.64%14.80%14.54%13.80%12.69%11.89%11.41%10.94%10.60%11.73%12.69%12.70%12.37%12.09%11.80%11.62%11.22%11.70%12.25%12.49%12.15% GovernmentUnited States
Estados UnidosEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas)70.66%71.28%70.61%69.65%69.37%70.70%72.14%73.25%73.78%74.22%74.36%72.22%69.39%68.49%68.39%69.12%70.24%70.91%71.48%69.77%68.42%68.68%69.98% Business Enterprise (Public and Private)United States
Estados UnidosEducación Superior11.14%11.31%11.72%12.36%12.76%12.31%12.01%11.72%11.56%11.48%11.41%12.05%13.56%14.31%14.70%14.36%13.88%13.47%13.26%14.07%14.80%14.58%13.85% Higher EducationUnited States
Estados UnidosOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro2.71%2.89%3.01%3.17%3.30%3.17%3.14%3.12%3.23%3.34%3.61%3.99%4.34%4.48%4.52%4.41%4.06%3.98%4.02%4.44%4.51%4.23%4.00% Private non-profit organizationsUnited States
UruguayGobierno14.98%23.86%24.00%8.66%6.14%18.47%28.67%40.69%13.59%16.27%25.04% 19.4% 34.46% 30.30%27.42% 36.18%34.00%44.02%34.39%34.39%GovernmentUruguay
UruguayEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas)58.17%3.39%75.99%91.33%93.85%31.17%30.40%32.97%37.88%36.66%39.28% 49% 28.86% 33.97%34.82% 14.29%17.99%10.13%4.60%4.60%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Uruguay
UruguayEducación Superior26.83%72.74% 50.35%40.92%26.34%48.52%47.06%35.68% 31.6% 36.66% 32.83%34.98% 45.19%43.44%44.03%59.76%59.76%Higher EducationUruguay
UruguayOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 2.88%2.76% 4.32%4.55%1.80%1.23%1.23%Private non-profit organizationsUruguay
América Latina y el CaribeGobierno31.06%33.60%34.57%35.64%33.02%35.61%36.06%36.75%35.96%40.09%39.14%38.16%24.28%27.39%25.14%25.59%25.36%27.38%30.67%27.48%32.01%30.49%33.90%33.72%35.80%35.97%GovernmentLatin America and the Caribbean
América Latina y el CaribeEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas)22.30%21.62%23.11%18.83%24.39%22.84%22.41%22.10%26.11%24.67%26.46%26.38%32.27%31.04%39.91%40.90%40.91%37.35%32.04%34.18%31.58%31.64%29.07%29.96%27.98%28.82%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Latin America and the Caribbean
América Latina y el CaribeEducación Superior38.66%37.78%35.91%40.36%38.51%37.85%35.65%36.86%33.47%31.18%32.01%33.27%38.74%36.67%30.67%29.43%29.52%30.81%32.17%31.83%30.80%31.47%30.06%29.55%29.77%29.43%Higher EducationLatin America and the Caribbean
América Latina y el CaribeOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro7.96%6.97%6.38%5.14%4.05%3.68%5.86%4.27%4.44%4.04%2.37%2.17%4.70%4.88%4.26%4.07%4.19%4.45%5.10%6.49%5.59%6.37%6.95%6.75%6.44%5.75%Private non-profit organizationsLatin America and the Caribbean
IberoaméricaGobierno24.12%24.60%23.97%25.48%25.76%25.03%24.97%25.70%24.47%27.03%25.89%25.15%18.63%18.93%18.46%18.70%18.38%19.27%20.12%20.83%22.30%21.87%23.41%24.01%24.61%25.90%GovernmentIbero-America
IberoaméricaEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas)46.45%45.05%41.19%36.23%36.34%37.51%37.35%36.03%39.96%38.64%40.52%40.25%45.24%45.78%48.90%49.54%51.61%50.74%48.58%46.28%44.76%44.88%43.65%42.91%42.11%41.59%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Ibero-America
IberoaméricaEducación Superior26.18%27.35%31.79%35.00%34.78%34.40%33.92%34.96%32.33%31.26%31.25%32.36%33.46%32.82%30.43%29.62%27.86%27.81%28.98%29.95%29.98%30.12%29.42%30.08%30.26%29.68%Higher EducationIbero-America
IberoaméricaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro3.22%2.98%3.03%3.27%3.09%3.04%3.74%3.30%3.22%3.04%2.31%2.22%2.65%2.44%2.19%2.11%2.14%2.15%2.30%2.92%2.94%3.11%3.50%2.97%3.01%2.82%Private non-profit organizationsIbero-America
Notas:
- Los valores consignados a cada categoría no coinciden necesariamente con los totales imputados como gasto total. Se calculan los porcentajes en base a los valores consignados.
- I+D: Corresponde a Investigación y Desarrollo Experimental.
- Bolivia: La información remitida para el año 2009 corresponde a una respuesta del 30% de las instituciones encuestadas.
- Chile: Datos bajo revisión metodológica
- Guatemala: La información consignada corresponden al gasto del sector Gobierno y Educación Superior. La información consignada corresponden al gasto del sector Gobierno y Educación Superior.
- América Latina y el Caribe: Los datos son estimados.
- Iberoamérica: Los datos son estimados.
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