Red de Indicadores de Ciencia y Tecnología -Iberoamericana e Interamericana - RICYT
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Investigadores por sector de empleo (EJC)1990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014Researchers by employment sector (FTE)
ArgentinaGobierno 35.72%37.19%37.21%36.13%36.76%37.56%37.27%38.75%41.68%42.37%44.06%45.08%47.65%46.43%46.02%46.02%46.16%48.02%GovernmentArgentina
ArgentinaEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas) 16.34%14.52%13.86%12.24%11.86%11.31%11.33%12.44%11.80%11.36%10.75%10.48%6.26%6.21%6.36%6.60%7.02%6.20%Enterprises (Public and Private)Argentina
ArgentinaEducación Superior 46.89%47.20%47.57%49.95%49.46%49.28%49.27%46.33%44.55%44.65%43.49%42.74%44.44%45.86%46.43%46.21%45.72%44.81%Higher EducationArgentina
ArgentinaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 1.04%1.07%1.34%1.66%1.91%1.83%2.11%2.46%1.94%1.60%1.67%1.69%1.62%1.48%1.18%1.15%1.08%0.95%Private non-profit organizations Argentina
BoliviaGobierno 17.52%15% 6.25%4.43% GovernmentBolivia
BoliviaEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas) 11.34%5% 2.03%0.36% Enterprises (Public and Private)Bolivia
BoliviaEducación Superior 67.01%70% 84.24%83.21% Higher EducationBolivia
BoliviaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 4.12%10% 7.45%11.98% Private non-profit organizations Bolivia
BrasilGobierno 6.41%5.96%5.54%5.65%5.61%5.27%5.26%5.33%5.38%5.48%5.52% GovernmentBrazil
BrasilEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas) 40.59%39.52%38.48%36.11%36.45%37.57%35.11%32.80%30.83%28.23%25.94% Enterprises (Public and Private)Brazil
BrasilEducación Superior 52.43%53.75%55.06%57.25%56.94%56.30%58.84%61.06%62.97%65.50%67.79% Higher EducationBrazil
BrasilOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 0.56%0.74%0.91%0.96%0.98%0.85%0.77%0.79%0.80%0.76%0.73% Private non-profit organizations Brazil
CanadáGobierno 6.89%5.99%6.45%5.92%5.51%6.11%5.81%5.76%5.64%6.10%6.05%5.72%5.87%5.71% GovernmentCanada
CanadáEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas) 61.96%63.87%63.20%62.16%62.39%61.75%62.72%62.62%62.58%62.14%59.58%59.98%58.17%56.01% Enterprises (Public and Private)Canada
CanadáEducación Superior 30.85%29.86%30.10%31.56%31.73%31.75%30.94%31.26%31.45%31.52%34.02%33.97%35.59%37.85% Higher EducationCanada
CanadáOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 0.27%0.27%0.24%0.34%0.35%0.38%0.51%0.34%0.31%0.22%0.33%0.31%0.36%0.41% Private non-profit organizations Canada
ChileGobierno 8.94%9.44%5.52%5.36%5.53%5.94%12.05%10.11%GovernmentChile
ChileEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas) 30.47%29.50%20.85%23.85%28.83%29.82%24.27%29.78%Enterprises (Public and Private)Chile
ChileEducación Superior 53.94%54.34%61.89%60.18%54.20%52.38%55.31%47.36%Higher EducationChile
ChileOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 6.63%6.70%11.72%10.59%11.43%11.84%8.36%12.73%Private non-profit organizations Chile
ColombiaGobierno 8.34%9.12% 2.00%2.08%1.79%1.66%1.64%1.51%1.31%1.31%1.65%1.77%0.71%0.63%0.60%1.03%1.17%GovernmentColombia
ColombiaEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas) 11.10%9.83% 0.19%0.18%0.14%0.18%0.24%0.26%0.25%0.27%0.84%0.96%0.72%0.74%0.74%0.82%0.62%Enterprises (Public and Private)Colombia
ColombiaEducación Superior 75.66%76.38% 89.71%89.53%89.21%89.43%89.17%89.57%90.39%91.25%83.42%86.63%90.15%90.63%90.59%89.93%89.17%Higher EducationColombia
ColombiaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 4.89%4.65% 8.07%8.20%8.84%8.71%8.93%8.64%8.04%7.15%14.07%10.63%8.40%7.98%8.04%8.21%9.02%Private non-profit organizations Colombia
Costa RicaGobierno 9.35% 9.53%13.70%12.43%14.04%31.68%26.54%30.86%GovernmentCosta Rica
Costa RicaEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas) 5.61% 65.72%68.80%69.18% Enterprises (Public and Private)Costa Rica
Costa RicaEducación Superior 79.86% 72.85%18.26%15.75%15.06%63.69%71.31%67.37%Higher EducationCosta Rica
Costa RicaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 5.16% 17.61%2.29%2.99%1.70%4.61%2.13%1.76%Private non-profit organizations Costa Rica
EcuadorGobierno 19.07%19.27%17.88%27.71%30.85%28.08%GovernmentEcuador
EcuadorEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas) 15.25%14.95% Enterprises (Public and Private)Ecuador
EcuadorEducación Superior 84.74%85.04%75.43%76.07%78.91%70.87%67.93%70.86%Higher EducationEcuador
EcuadorOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 5.49%4.64%3.19%1.41%1.20%1.05%Private non-profit organizations Ecuador
EspañaGobierno20.23%19.87%18.37%17.84%16.33%17.65%17.67%19.46%18.28%19.38%16.57%16.66%15.15%16.74%16.98%18.63%17.32%17.46%17.23%18.05%18.10%17.57%17.23%16.77%16.50%GovernmentSpain
EspañaEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas)29.21%28.59%27.81%25.95%23.12%22.81%21.49%22.28%23.06%24.65%27.21%23.67%29.56%29.80%31.73%31.93%34.48%34.33%35.40%34.49%33.69%34.48%35.43%36.28%36.55%Enterprises (Public and Private)Spain
EspañaEducación Superior50.17%51.11%53.18%55.35%59.73%58.43%59.76%56.88%57.28%54.96%54.86%58.64%54.88%53.17%51.10%49.24%47.87%47.96%47.13%47.21%47.96%47.74%47.14%46.77%46.75%Higher EducationSpain
EspañaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro0.37%0.40%0.62%0.84%0.80%1.08%1.06%1.36%1.36%1.00%1.34%1.01%0.40%0.27%0.17%0.19%0.30%0.24%0.22%0.23%0.22%0.18%0.18%0.16%0.17%Private non-profit organizations Spain
GuatemalaGobierno 29.51%30.15%40.89%35.37%50%30.85%33.24%28.95% GovernmentGuatemala
GuatemalaEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas) Enterprises (Public and Private)Guatemala
GuatemalaEducación Superior 70.48%69.84%59.10%64.62%50%69.14%66.75%71.04% Higher EducationGuatemala
GuatemalaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro Private non-profit organizations Guatemala
MéxicoGobierno 38.33%31.9%31% 34.46%32.07%30.31%20.51%19.06%17.00%15.00%20.18%19.29%21.30%19.27%19.43%19.84% GovernmentMexico
MéxicoEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas) 6.10%10.3%10.3% 16.17%19.70%17.39%24.57%25.81%40.44%45.28%41.26%42.48%31.48%37.65%41.50%41.09% Enterprises (Public and Private)Mexico
MéxicoEducación Superior 54.85%57.1%57.8% 48.66%47.60%51.70%50.94%51.06%40.38%38.00%36.42%35.75%44.31%40.44%36.33%36.18% Higher EducationMexico
MéxicoOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 0.70%0.7%0.9% 0.69%0.61%0.58%3.96%4.06%2.16%1.71%2.13%2.46%2.90%2.62%2.72%2.87% Private non-profit organizations Mexico
PanamáGobierno 54.04%61.45%41%38.69%41.01%36.4%34.58%40.32%62.84%64.34%67.75%59.25%58.22%60.64%47.67%68.33%48.10%58.31% 79.93% GovernmentPanama
PanamáEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas) 2.56% 0.72%0.29%4.66%1.68%1.05% Enterprises (Public and Private)Panama
PanamáEducación Superior 47.08%46.49%45.84%47.85%52.92%50.54%22.56%19.93%18.12%23.56%24.01%13.35%38.08%13.66%40.54%30.34% Higher EducationPanama
PanamáOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 45.96%38.55%11.92%14.82%13.15%13.19%12.5%9.14%14.58%15.73%14.13%17.17%17.76%25.27%13.95%13.33%9.66%10.29% 20.06% Private non-profit organizations Panama
Puerto RicoGobierno 4.58% GovernmentPuerto Rico
Puerto RicoEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas) 94.16% Enterprises (Public and Private)Puerto Rico
Puerto RicoEducación Superior Higher EducationPuerto Rico
Puerto RicoOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 1.25% Private non-profit organizations Puerto Rico
PortugalGobierno 21.10% 23.62% 21.47%21.68%21.87%21.18%20.57%18.66%16.99%16.38%15.79%13.17%11.21%7.92%6.94%5.87%5.74%3.95%3.66%3.79%GovernmentPortugal
PortugalEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas) 10.50% 9.27% 8.73%10.84%12.66%14.08%15.35%17.16%18.74%18.87%18.99%25.33%30.08%25.51%25.50%25.45%27.68%28.07%26.51%29.36%Enterprises (Public and Private)Portugal
PortugalEducación Superior 56.59% 50.43% 54.79%53.47%52.32%51.33%50.44%50.05%49.71%50.80%51.86%48.82%46.54%57.26%58.34%57.45%53.91%56.06%68.12%65.46%Higher EducationPortugal
PortugalOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 11.80% 16.66% 14.99%13.99%13.14%13.39%13.62%14.12%14.55%13.93%13.34%12.66%12.16%9.29%9.20%11.20%12.64%11.90%1.69%1.38%Private non-profit organizations Portugal
ParaguayGobierno 28.52%30.72%32.08%35.51%22.02% 26.97% 25.33%GovernmentParaguay
ParaguayEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas) Enterprises (Public and Private)Paraguay
ParaguayEducación Superior 46.19%45.85%52.74%47.97%70.42% 65.58% 52.36%Higher EducationParaguay
ParaguayOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 25.29%23.42%15.17%16.51%7.54% 7.44% 22.29%Private non-profit organizations Paraguay
Estados UnidosGobierno 5.93% 5.91% 5.20% 4.29% GovernmentUnited States
Estados UnidosEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas) 79.09% 75.61% 76.19% 79.19% Enterprises (Public and Private)United States
Estados UnidosEducación Superior 14.08% 17.25% 17.50% 15.39% Higher EducationUnited States
Estados UnidosOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 0.88% 1.20% 1.09% 1.11% Private non-profit organizations United States
UruguayGobierno 5.48%5% 13.36% 18.32%13.80%14.02%13.56%13.08%12.75%12.86%GovernmentUruguay
UruguayEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas) 4.63%5% 0.96% 1.27%1.28%1.28%1.26%1.25%1.20%1.02%Enterprises (Public and Private)Uruguay
UruguayEducación Superior 89.88%90% 85.66% 77.69%82.06%81.69%81.93%82.34%82.41%82.27%Higher EducationUruguay
UruguayOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 2.69%2.84%3.00%3.24%3.31%3.62%3.84%Private non-profit organizations Uruguay
VenezuelaGobierno 14.30%13.17%12.30%12.34%12.34%11.21%12.29%11.69%10.40%9.30%9.02%8.94%10.83%11.84%12.81%18.25%19.61%GovernmentVenezuela
VenezuelaEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas) 0.28%0.67%0.66%0.61%0.61%0.54%0.50%0.61%0.80%0.51%1.04%0.38%0.91%1.99%4.52%10.59%12.30%Enterprises (Public and Private)Venezuela
VenezuelaEducación Superior 85.15%85.92%86.75%86.64%86.64%87.47%86.83%87.31%88.08%89.65%89.35%90.19%87.55%85.10%81.80%71.15%68.02%Higher EducationVenezuela
VenezuelaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 0.25%0.22%0.26%0.39%0.39%0.77%0.36%0.36%0.70%0.53%0.57%0.47%0.68%1.05%0.85% 0.04%Private non-profit organizations Venezuela
América Latina y el CaribeGobierno20.39%20.12%19.88%19.61%18.70%18.51%18.36%18.05%18.05%18.17%16.48%15.83%14.27%13.15%13.01%13.32%14.54%15.03%15.69%15.72%15.56%15.65%15.40%15.38%15.75%GovernmentLatin America and the Caribbean
América Latina y el CaribeEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas)34.97%34.24%33.62%33.06%32.65%31.77%31.37%31.31%30.33%28.04%29.53%28.78%27.64%29.67%33.41%33.28%30.17%28.15%24.71%24.45%23.98%24.14%23.35%23.68%23.59%Enterprises (Public and Private)Latin America and the Caribbean
América Latina y el CaribeEducación Superior43.65%44.63%45.49%46.39%47.72%48.72%49.11%49.50%50.44%48.53%52.57%53.84%55.75%54.79%51.42%51.73%53.61%55.09%57.50%57.79%58.51%58.45%59.56%59.48%58.99%Higher EducationLatin America and the Caribbean
América Latina y el CaribeOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro0.97%0.99%0.99%0.92%0.91%0.98%1.13%1.12%1.15%5.24%1.39%1.53%2.33%2.37%2.13%1.65%1.65%1.72%2.08%2.01%1.94%1.73%1.67%1.44%1.65%Private non-profit organizations Latin America and the Caribbean
IberoaméricaGobierno20.42%20.08%19.51%19.24%18.26%18.62%18.46%18.72%18.39%18.77%16.85%16.46%14.87%14.57%14.50%15.23%15.38%15.55%15.41%15.63%15.42%15.24%14.82%14.77%14.93%GovernmentIbero-America
IberoaméricaEmpresas (Privadas y Públicas)31.96%30.95%30.29%29.35%28.17%27.58%26.86%26.97%26.66%25.98%27.64%26.08%27.49%28.94%31.92%31.93%31.28%30.37%28.33%27.78%27.10%27.48%27.31%27.41%27.62%Enterprises (Public and Private)Ibero-America
IberoaméricaEducación Superior46.19%47.47%48.56%49.63%51.71%51.66%52.50%52.06%52.76%50.61%53.24%55.20%55.05%53.91%51.28%50.91%51.33%52.03%54.04%54.44%55.17%54.91%55.62%56.70%56.20%Higher EducationIbero-America
IberoaméricaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro1.41%1.47%1.62%1.76%1.84%2.12%2.16%2.23%2.17%4.62%2.25%2.25%2.57%2.55%2.28%1.91%1.99%2.03%2.20%2.13%2.29%2.35%2.23%1.11%1.22%Private non-profit organizations Ibero-America
Notas:
- Los valores consignados a cada categoría no coinciden necesariamente con el número total de investigadores. Se calculan los porcentajes en base a los valores consignados.
- Investigadores: Incluye Becarios de I+D.
- EJC: Corresponde a Equivalencia a Jornada Completa.
- México: Las variaciones en el número del personal se deben a variaciones en la muestra a la que se le aplica la encuesta. Las variaciones en el número del personal se deben a variaciones en la muestra a la que se le aplica la encuesta.
- Paraguay: Para los años 2003, 2004, 2005 y 2008 no se cuenta con datos desagregados para Becarios de I+D. Para los años 2003, 2004, 2005 y 2008 no se cuenta con datos desagregados para Becarios de I+D.
- América Latina y el Caribe: Los datos son estimados.
- Iberoamérica: Los datos son estimados.
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