Red de Indicadores de Ciencia y Tecnología -Iberoamericana e Interamericana - RICYT
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Gasto en I+D por sector de financiamiento1990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014R&D Expenditure by source of funds
ArgentinaGobierno 65.50%66.24%67.46%70.71%74.33%69.44%65.56%59.88%59.61%62.89%64.52%67.55% GovernmentArgentina
ArgentinaEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 27.21%27.00%25.76%23.28%20.77%22.52%26.11%30.71%31.01%29.37%29.27%26.52% Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Argentina
ArgentinaEducación Superior 1.66%2.28%2.71%2.50%2.36%3.34%3.30%5.66%5.71%4.25%4.44%4.36% Higher EducationArgentina
ArgentinaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 2.18%1.49%1.48%1.87%1.31%3.50%3.63%2.72%2.97%2.67%1.11%0.96% Private non-profit organizationsArgentina
ArgentinaExtranjero 3.43%2.96%2.56%1.61%1.20%1.17%1.37%0.99%0.67%0.79%0.64%0.59% AbroadArgentina
BoliviaGobierno 44.24%37.75%30.61%25%24.24%24%22%21%20% 58.93% GovernmentBolivia
BoliviaEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 5.00%17.34%24.48%20%20.20%20%22%18%16% 5.99% Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Bolivia
BoliviaEducación Superior 16.71%12.24%12.24%26%27.27%30%32%33%31% 30.56% Higher EducationBolivia
BoliviaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 24.02%22.44%22.44%19%18.18%16%15%17%19% 2.36% Private non-profit organizationsBolivia
BoliviaExtranjero 10.01%10.20%10.20%10%10.10%10%8.99%11%14% 2.13% AbroadBolivia
BrasilGobierno 54.06%54.84%53.33%51.40%49.49%47.66%50.03%51.62%50.35%52.29%51.11%52.89%54.93%57.70%61.43%GovernmentBrazil
BrasilEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 44.73%43.83%45.00%46.72%48.59%50.43%48.00%46.09%47.51%45.54%47.03%45.23%43.07%40.34%36.35%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Brazil
BrasilEducación Superior 1.19%1.32%1.66%1.86%1.90%1.90%1.96%2.28%2.12%2.16%1.84%1.87%1.99%1.94%2.20%Higher EducationBrazil
BrasilOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro Private non-profit organizationsBrazil
BrasilExtranjero AbroadBrazil
CanadáGobierno34.11%33.82%33.10%31.36%28.16%26.47%24.92%23.71%21.56%22.60%21.42%22.07%22.89%23.76%22.51%23.55%22.97%23.14%23.61%25.26%26.73%25.16%24.80%25.23%25.06%GovernmentCanada
CanadáEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas)38.59%38.20%39.20%41.24%44.02%45.71%46.29%48.04%45.71%44.88%44.91%50.35%51.54%50.37%50.23%49.37%51.18%49.19%49.46%48.51%46.95%48.95%47.09%45.66%45.38%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Canada
CanadáEducación Superior15.76%16.08%16.46%15.52%14.34%14.00%13.78%13.46%14.53%15.01%14.06%12.65%14.71%14.53%15.54%15.49%15.25%15.22%16.43%16.01%16.26%16.31%18.79%19.51%19.82%Higher EducationCanada
CanadáOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro2.27%2.47%1.97%2.26%2.23%2.24%2.59%2.50%2.31%2.15%2.16%2.31%2.67%2.58%2.75%2.79%2.84%3.17%3.30%3.13%3.49%3.62%3.64%3.64%3.70%Private non-profit organizationsCanada
CanadáExtranjero9.24%9.40%9.25%9.60%11.22%11.56%12.40%12.26%15.86%15.33%17.42%12.60%8.17%8.73%8.95%8.77%7.74%9.25%7.18%7.07%6.54%5.94%5.66%5.93%6.01%AbroadCanada
ChileGobierno 35.58%33.76%38.32%40.35%33.65%35.96%38.37%44.08%GovernmentChile
ChileEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 38.88%43.72%26.96%25.44%33.89%34.94%34.16%31.96%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Chile
ChileEducación Superior 18.64%17.20%13.96%12.67%9.58%9.42%11.69%9.46%Higher EducationChile
ChileOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 2.70%1.96%1.70%1.69%1.60%2.13%0.78%0.71%Private non-profit organizationsChile
ChileExtranjero 4.17%3.33%19.04%19.83%21.26%17.53%14.98%13.76%AbroadChile
ColombiaGobierno 34.97%55.12%33% 33.16%33.18%32.28%45.08%36.36%37.15%39.12%38.34%34.44%48.62%38.66%38.55%34.48%41.00%38.83%GovernmentColombia
ColombiaEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 52.76%34.81%45% 38.43%37.11%35.12%25.68%28.08%25.63%24.64%28.29%34.50%18.30%28.79%32.18%36.44%34.35%34.49%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Colombia
ColombiaEducación Superior 10.86%6.57%18% 21.53%22.30%21.20%19.42%28.73%28.86%26.86%24.97%22.93%24.42%23.18%21.66%22.19%18.45%20.59%Higher EducationColombia
ColombiaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 1.41%3.5%4% 1.63%1.92%3.18%2.36%2.61%3.82%5.84%5.47%4.89%5.12%6.02%5.28%3.92%3.42%3.72%Private non-profit organizationsColombia
ColombiaExtranjero 5.22%5.47%8.19%7.44%4.20%4.51%3.52%2.90%3.22%3.51%3.33%2.30%2.95%2.76%2.34%AbroadColombia
Costa RicaGobierno 52.24%61.48%65.54%70.34%81.45%80.36%94.26%GovernmentCosta Rica
Costa RicaEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 37.32%33.31%21.69%21.38%5.91%7.66%2.49%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Costa Rica
Costa RicaEducación Superior Higher EducationCosta Rica
Costa RicaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 3.11%3.27%0.37%0.83%0.52%0.68%0.86%Private non-profit organizationsCosta Rica
Costa RicaExtranjero 7.32%1.92%12.38%7.42%12.09%11.28%2.37%AbroadCosta Rica
CubaGobierno55.1%63%57.8%58.7%51.8%50.5%52.8%51.70%49.77%57.08%53.09%57.62%60.02%60.01%60.01%59.99%60.00%59.97%68.98%75.00%75.00%80.01%79.98%80.01%60%GovernmentCuba
CubaEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas)44.9%37%42.2%41.3%48.2%49.5%47.2%45.83%45.79%38.84%40.07%36.18%35.02%35.00%34.98%35.01%35.00%35.01%18.00%15.01%14.99%14.97%15.01%14.99%29.95%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Cuba
CubaEducación Superior Higher EducationCuba
CubaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro Private non-profit organizationsCuba
CubaExtranjero 2.45%4.44%4.08%6.84%6.2%4.95%4.97%4.99%4.99%4.98%5.00%13.00%9.98%10.00%5.01%5.00%4.99%10.04%AbroadCuba
EcuadorGobierno 39.83%79.73%80.11%90.61% 72.14%61.96%89.55%69.66%70.98%67.92%67.26%70.26%73.48%GovernmentEcuador
EcuadorEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 32.46% 18.16%22.97%8.52%0.32%1.77%0.99%0.12%0.05%0.20%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Ecuador
EcuadorEducación Superior 4.15%4.12%1.42%12.58%16.91%19.30%26.87%24.84%21.84%Higher EducationEcuador
EcuadorOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 4.85%0.4%0.43%0.46% 1.21%3.48% 0.86%0.90%1.11%0.40%0.28%0.20%Private non-profit organizationsEcuador
EcuadorExtranjero 22.86%19.87%19.46%8.93% 4.32%7.44%0.49%16.56%9.42%10.66%5.32%4.55%4.26%AbroadEcuador
EspañaGobierno45.03%45.71%50.19%51.58%52.38%47.99%47.98%47.82%42.73%44.73%38.64%39.86%39.09%40.06%41.00%42.99%42.48%43.65%45.56%47.10%46.64%44.47%43.13%41.62%41.35%GovernmentSpain
EspañaEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas)47.40%48.10%43.69%41.02%40.28%44.52%45.47%44.70%49.80%48.85%49.72%47.17%48.86%48.35%48.04%46.28%47.07%45.45%44.95%43.35%42.99%44.31%45.64%46.30%46.40%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Spain
EspañaEducación Superior 4.71%4.44%4.52%5.39%4.13%4.11%3.94%3.33%3.22%3.45%3.94%3.98%3.93%4.07%4.14%Higher EducationSpain
EspañaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro0.77%0.61%0.62%0.98%0.98%0.79%0.98%0.72%0.76%0.78%2.03%0.83%0.69%0.45%0.65%0.85%0.55%0.54%0.55%0.62%0.68%0.55%0.64%0.62%0.67%Private non-profit organizationsSpain
EspañaExtranjero6.78%5.55%5.48%6.40%6.35%6.68%5.56%6.74%6.69%5.61%4.87%7.67%6.82%5.73%6.15%5.74%5.93%7.01%5.70%5.45%5.73%6.67%6.64%7.36%7.41%AbroadSpain
GuatemalaGobierno 100%100% 42.09%36.45%23.98%22.66%22.78%18.28%19.93%23.51% GovernmentGuatemala
GuatemalaEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Guatemala
GuatemalaEducación Superior 57.90%23.74%23.46%28.89%29.47%30.91%27.71%27.47% Higher EducationGuatemala
GuatemalaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro Private non-profit organizationsGuatemala
GuatemalaExtranjero 39.80%52.54%48.44%47.73%50.79%52.35%49.00% AbroadGuatemala
MéxicoGobierno 73.35%63.6%66.18%66.79%71.06%60.75%61.26%63.01%59.05%55.16%59.97%50.34%49.18%49.75%54.51%58.08%56.32%62.34%63.00%67.81%70.69%71.76%GovernmentMexico
MéxicoEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 14.27%19%17.58%19.44%16.91%23.57%23.57%29.51%29.83%34.64%31.12%38.61%41.51%45.22%38.83%33.12%33.81%32.85%32.32%24.48%20.96%20.18%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Mexico
MéxicoEducación Superior 8.87%7.7%8.35%8.10%8.59%8.03%9.71%5.97%9.05%8.52%7.41%7.44%7.29%3.24%3.81%5.66%6.05%2.75%2.54%3.20%3.52%3.39%Higher EducationMexico
MéxicoOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 1.21%0.6%1.13%2.18%0.88%0.11%0.10%0.57%0.78%0.86%0.75%0.78%0.93%0.14%1.65%1.59%2.35%1.58%1.54%4.13%4.43%4.27%Private non-profit organizationsMexico
MéxicoExtranjero 2.27%9.1%6.74%3.47%2.54%7.51%5.33%0.92%1.26%0.79%0.73%2.81%1.08%1.63%1.17%1.52%1.45%0.46%0.57%0.36%0.39%0.37%AbroadMexico
PanamáGobierno 35.44%39.72%41.45%44.17%45.53%42.22%44.62%40.18%46%34.33%32.83%26.22%25.52%34.98%38.54%48.29%47.84%45.74%50.00%53.90%46.73%82.31%80.91% GovernmentPanama
PanamáEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 0.46%0.42%0.46%0.6%0.49%2.22%0.67% 1.4%0.59%10.21%0.60%0.60%0.11%0.42%1.06%0.37%2.24%3.61%3.40%18.86%9.84%10.84% Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Panama
PanamáEducación Superior 0.4%0.48%0.98%1%0.87%0.97%0.98%2.46%6.1%0.39%0.60%2.10%1.80%2.64%1.44%0.16%0.71%3.06%4.99%5.95%4.99%7.61%7.98% Higher EducationPanama
PanamáOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 0.92%0.95%1.15%1.14%1.11%1.8%1.31%1.28%0.9%0.69%1.20%0.20%1.00%2.49%0.65%1.78%1.17%0.95%16.43%14.00%8.66% Private non-profit organizationsPanama
PanamáExtranjero 62.78%58.43%55.96%53.09%52%52.79%52.42%56.08%45.6%63.97%55.15%70.87%71.07%59.78%58.93%48.70%49.89%48.00%24.95%22.72%20.73%0.21%0.25% AbroadPanama
PortugalGobierno61.00% 59% 65.28% 68.21%69.07%69.67%64.78%60.95%60.53%60.10%57.45%55.96%48.58%44.56%43.71%45.45%45.11%41.76%43.13%46.55%47.13%GovernmentPortugal
PortugalEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas)26.99% 20% 19.47% 21.23%21.28%21.32%27.04%31.54%31.63%31.72%34.18%36.26%42.95%47.02%48.08%43.86%43.94%44.71%46.03%42.27%41.80%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Portugal
PortugalEducación Superior0.99% 1% 1.21% 1.53%1.40%1.31%1.05%0.84%1.05%1.26%1.12%1.00%0.80%0.67%3.56%2.84%3.15%5.35%3.57%4.05%4.16%Higher EducationPortugal
PortugalOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro5.99% 5% 2.12% 2.88%2.56%2.34%1.92%1.59%1.75%1.90%2.40%2.06%2.49%2.29%1.65%3.73%4.59%2.12%2.07%0.99%1.28%Private non-profit organizationsPortugal
PortugalExtranjero4.99% 15% 11.89% 6.12%5.66%5.34%5.18%5.06%5.03%4.99%4.83%4.69%5.15%5.43%2.98%4.09%3.19%6.03%5.17%6.12%5.61%AbroadPortugal
ParaguayGobierno 43.20%63.15%63.15%63.12%74.92% 76.19% 57.78%84.50% 74.26%GovernmentParaguay
ParaguayEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 0.02%0.01%0.01%0.01%0.30% 0.25% 4.28%0.86% 0.29%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Paraguay
ParaguayEducación Superior 20.63%12.66%12.66%12.66%8.63% 9.20% 18.92%3.80% 3.14%Higher EducationParaguay
ParaguayOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 3.40%2.32%2.32%2.33%1.96% 2.10% 2.14%2.92% 4.49%Private non-profit organizationsParaguay
ParaguayExtranjero 32.72%21.84%21.84%21.85%14.16% 12.25% 16.85%7.89% 17.79%AbroadParaguay
El SalvadorGobierno 51.93% 50.45%49.84%64.77%70.22%24.93%11.65%42.85%32.99%GovernmentEl Salvador
El SalvadorEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas) 1.16% 1.79%0.68%23.19%0.55%1.39%2.73%0.71%0.65%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)El Salvador
El SalvadorEducación Superior 13.15% 39.45%44.82%0.62%20.85%54.22%73.89%37.14%48.57%Higher EducationEl Salvador
El SalvadorOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 10.35% 0.90%0.13%0.12%0.01%0.16%2.61%2.85%0.89%Private non-profit organizationsEl Salvador
El SalvadorExtranjero 23.41% 7.38%4.51%11.28%8.34%19.28%9.09%16.42%16.87%AbroadEl Salvador
Estados UnidosGobierno41.45%38.70%37.76%37.46%36.87%35.24%33.06%31.34%30.18%28.31%26.07%27.65%29.68%30.56%31.31%30.59%29.70%29.00%30.28%32.43%32.14%30.51%30.64% GovernmentUnited States
Estados UnidosEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas)54.74%57.37%58.19%58.25%58.62%60.37%62.53%64.21%65.27%67.09%69.18%67.33%64.65%63.50%62.81%63.48%64.41%65.02%63.62%61.10%61.26%62.97%62.98% Business Enterprise (Public and Private)United States
Estados UnidosEducación Superior2.09%2.14%2.15%2.23%2.32%2.23%2.24%2.28%2.27%2.29%2.31%2.44%2.72%2.80%2.81%2.83%2.85%2.85%2.86%2.93%2.94%2.94%2.98% Higher EducationUnited States
Estados UnidosOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro1.70%1.77%1.88%2.04%2.16%2.13%2.14%2.16%2.25%2.29%2.42%2.57%2.93%3.12%3.05%3.08%3.01%3.11%3.23%3.52%3.63%3.56%3.38% Private non-profit organizationsUnited States
Estados UnidosExtranjero AbroadUnited States
UruguayGobierno14.99%23.86%13.75%8.67%6.14%6.06%18.35%38.79%10.75%9.41%20.25% 17.1% 54.63%38.79%30.99%33.35%23.11%33.82%32.97%39.75%28.63%GovernmentUruguay
UruguayEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas)58.01%1.94%75.42%79.22%87.64%31.14%30.38%32.45%37.78%35.63%39.27% 46.7% 44.89%39.54%42.77%39.29%47.50%9.32%15.03%10.23%4.56%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Uruguay
UruguayEducación Superior26.99%72.75% 50.34%40.92%26.39%48.52%47.06%35.68% 31.4% 0.03%19.89%20.99%24.89%26.80%49.60%43.43%44.08%59.15%Higher EducationUruguay
UruguayOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro 0.1% 1.76%0.98%0.59%0.88%0.08%0.91%0.54%0.26%Private non-profit organizationsUruguay
UruguayExtranjero 1.44%10.82%12.10%6.21%12.45%10.33%2.36%2.94%7.89%4.78% 4.7% 0.44% 4.26%1.85%1.68%7.16%7.64%5.38%7.37%AbroadUruguay
América Latina y el CaribeGobierno62.51%61.82%60.89%60.09%64.66%59.50%59.45%59.11%57.51%58.08%57.95%58.11%54.34%54.19%50.11%48.70%50.55%52.40%52.45%54.38%54.16%55.17%57.90%60.00%60.66%GovernmentLatin America and the Caribbean
América Latina y el CaribeEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas)34.67%35.38%36.30%36.95%28.28%34.48%34.71%35.05%36.78%35.48%37.87%36.61%39.43%39.89%43.69%45.91%45.22%42.74%42.43%40.11%41.70%40.76%37.33%35.12%34.32%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Latin America and the Caribbean
América Latina y el CaribeEducación Superior2.81%2.78%2.78%2.75%3.84%3.55%3.53%3.63%3.28%3.95%2.68%3.70%4.17%3.92%4.02%3.94%2.96%3.61%3.76%3.74%2.81%2.80%3.12%3.26%3.30%Higher EducationLatin America and the Caribbean
América Latina y el CaribeOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro------0.08%0.88%0.83%0.96%0.89%0.51%0.48%0.46%0.48%0.53%0.51%0.46%0.50%0.34%0.57%0.57%0.63%0.47%0.44%0.83%0.85%0.93%Private non-profit organizationsLatin America and the Caribbean
América Latina y el CaribeExtranjero------0.09%2.30%1.61%1.33%1.29%1.89%1.98%1.01%1.08%1.51%1.47%1.69%0.92%0.90%0.65%0.77%1.11%0.83%0.79%0.79%0.74%0.77%AbroadLatin America and the Caribbean
IberoaméricaGobierno38.47%38.50%39.47%50.43%56.90%54.11%55.00%55.68%52.09%53.89%51.45%51.30%47.44%47.42%45.61%46.23%45.90%47.01%48.59%50.33%51.13%50.21%51.95%53.08%53.49%GovernmentIbero-America
IberoaméricaEmpresas (Públicas y Privadas)12.84%14.06%19.16%29.65%32.44%36.39%36.52%35.15%38.74%37.71%39.56%38.65%42.26%42.55%44.41%44.17%45.19%43.40%42.45%40.26%39.88%40.28%38.62%37.29%36.88%Business Enterprise (Public and Private)Ibero-America
IberoaméricaEducación Superior15.76%14.90%12.53%6.01%2.47%2.16%2.06%2.80%2.57%2.92%4.12%4.59%4.72%4.98%4.36%4.46%3.73%3.73%4.09%4.09%3.93%4.15%4.12%4.26%4.32%Higher EducationIbero-America
IberoaméricaOrg. priv. sin fines de lucro22.83%22.48%19.43%7.19%1.92%1.56%1.74%1.57%1.18%0.97%1.47%0.90%0.85%0.69%0.81%0.96%0.75%0.91%0.86%1.17%1.19%0.89%1.26%1.19%1.26%Private non-profit organizationsIbero-America
IberoaméricaExtranjero10.07%10.03%9.38%6.69%6.25%5.76%4.65%4.78%5.40%4.48%3.37%4.53%4.71%4.32%4.78%4.16%4.42%4.92%3.98%4.12%3.85%4.45%4.02%4.16%4.02%AbroadIbero-America
Notas:
- Los valores consignados a cada categoría no coinciden necesariamente con los totales imputados como gasto total. Se calculan los porcentajes en base a los valores consignados.
- I+D: Corresponde a Investigación y Desarrollo Experimental
- Bolivia: La información remitida para el año 2009 corresponde a una respuesta del 30% de las instituciones encuestadas.
- Chile: Datos bajo revisión metodológica
- Guatemala: La información consignada corresponden al gasto del sector Gobierno y Educación Superior. La información consignada corresponden al gasto del sector Gobierno y Educación Superior.
- El Salvador: La información consignada corresponde al gasto realizado por los sectores Educación Superior y Gobierno. La información consignada corresponde al gasto realizado por los sectores Educación Superior y Gobierno.
- América Latina y el Caribe: Los datos son estimados.
- Iberoamérica: Los datos son estimados.
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