Red de Indicadores de Ciencia y Tecnología -Iberoamericana e Interamericana - RICYT
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Gasto en Ciencia y Tecnología en relación al PBI199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013Expenditure on S&T as a percentage of GDP
ArgentinaACT0.32%0.34%0.37%0.42%0.43%0.48%0.49%0.50%0.50%0.52%0.50%0.48%0.44%0.46%0.45%0.48%0.52%0.55%0.54%0.62%0.61%0.61%0.68%0.66%STAArgentina
ArgentinaI+D 0.41%0.41%0.41%0.45%0.43%0.42%0.38%0.41%0.40%0.42%0.45%0.46%0.47%0.58%0.56%0.56%0.63%0.62%R&DArgentina
BoliviaACT 0.57%0.53%0.55%0.54%0.51%0.50% 0.16% STABolivia
BoliviaI+D 0.37%0.40%0.40%0.35%0.33%0.31%0.29%0.28%0.27%0.27%0.25% 0.15% R&DBolivia
BrasilACT 1.29%1.32%1.30%1.31%1.29%1.29%1.26%1.37%1.46%1.54%1.60%1.55%1.58%1.60%STABrazil
BrasilI+D 1.01%1.04%0.98%1.00%0.96%1.00%0.98%1.08%1.12%1.11%1.15%1.13%1.12%1.19%R&DBrazil
CanadáACT STACanada
CanadáI+D1.48%1.53%1.58%1.63%1.68%1.65%1.61%1.61%1.71%1.75%1.86%2.02%1.97%1.97%2.00%1.97%1.94%1.90%1.86%1.92%1.83%1.79%1.79%1.68%R&DCanada
ChileACT STAChile
ChileI+D 0.30%0.37%0.35%0.32%0.35%0.36%0.38%R&DChile
ColombiaACT 0.54%0.56%0.52% 0.30%0.27%0.30%0.41%0.42%0.44%0.40%0.45%0.48%0.45%0.46%0.47%0.53%0.61%STAColombia
ColombiaI+D 0.29%0.29%0.27% 0.10%0.10%0.11%0.18%0.15%0.15%0.14%0.17%0.19%0.18%0.18%0.20%0.21%0.27%R&DColombia
Costa RicaACT0.72%0.80%0.96%1.10%0.96%0.97%1.48%1.40%1.27%0.90%0.92% 0.83%0.99% 1.33%1.32%1.39%1.96%1.85%1.76%1.98%2.00%STACosta Rica
Costa RicaI+D 0.32%0.31%0.28%0.36%0.38% 0.35%0.37% 0.43%0.36%0.39%0.54%0.48%0.47%0.57%0.56%R&DCosta Rica
CubaACT1.09%1.15%1.66%1.31%0.98%0.86%0.77%0.82%0.92%1.01%0.88%0.97%0.87%0.94%0.92%0.84%0.68%0.72%0.82%1.02%1.01%0.45%0.58%0.79%STACuba
CubaI+D0.69%0.68%1.13%0.78%0.55%0.46%0.37%0.43%0.54%0.49%0.44%0.52%0.52%0.54%0.56%0.50%0.41%0.43%0.50%0.61%0.60%0.27%0.40%0.47%R&DCuba
EcuadorACT 0.20%0.25%0.26% 0.14%0.17%0.18% 0.20%0.22%0.37%0.43%0.46%0.40%0.41%0.54%STAEcuador
EcuadorI+D 0.07%0.09%0.08%0.09% 0.05%0.06%0.06% 0.14%0.15%0.25%0.39%0.41%0.34%0.33%0.37%R&DEcuador
EspañaACT STASpain
EspañaI+D0.84%0.87%0.91%0.91%0.84%0.81%0.81%0.80%0.87%0.86%0.90%0.91%0.98%1.04%1.11%1.09%1.17%1.23%1.31%1.35%1.34%1.32%1.28%1.26%R&DSpain
GuatemalaACT -------- STAGuatemala
GuatemalaI+D ---- 0.03%0.04%0.06%0.06%0.05%0.04%0.04%0.04%0.03%R&DGuatemala
HondurasACT 0.04%0.04%0.04%0.04% STAHonduras
HondurasI+D 0.04%0.03%0.04%0.04%0.04% R&DHonduras
JamaicaACT 0.72%0.74% STAJamaica
JamaicaI+D 0.05%0.06% R&DJamaica
MéxicoACT0.27%0.33%0.32%0.36%0.40%0.35%0.34%0.42%0.46%0.40%0.41%0.41%0.35%0.73%0.68%0.70%0.65%0.64%0.69%0.76%0.74%0.73%0.73%0.75%STAMexico
MéxicoI+D 0.22%0.29%0.30%0.30%0.34%0.37%0.42%0.37%0.39%0.38%0.40%0.39%0.40%0.37%0.42%0.47%0.51%0.53%0.51%0.49%0.50%R&DMexico
NicaraguaACT 0.09% 0.06% 0.05% STANicaragua
NicaraguaI+D 0.08% 0.04% R&DNicaragua
PanamáACT0.62%0.67%0.63%0.70%0.72%0.76%0.85%0.92%0.88%0.94%0.90%1.03%0.84%0.78%0.90%0.77%0.75%0.47%0.46%0.39%0.41%0.46%0.25%0.29%STAPanama
PanamáI+D0.38%0.38%0.34%0.35%0.36%0.37%0.37%0.36%0.34%0.34%0.39%0.40%0.36%0.36%0.24%0.27%0.28%0.18%0.19%0.13%0.14%0.17%0.07%0.06%R&DPanama
PerúACT 0.76%0.64%0.87%0.91%0.98%1.11%1.25%1.29%1.44%1.40%1.19% STAPerú
PerúI+D 0.08%0.09%0.09%0.10%0.10%0.10%0.10%0.15% 0.08%0.05%0.08%R&DPerú
Puerto RicoACT STAPuerto Rico
Puerto RicoI+D 0.45% 0.43%R&DPuerto Rico
PortugalACT 0.90% STAPortugal
PortugalI+D0.51% 0.60% 0.54%0.57%0.58%0.65%0.71%0.72%0.77%0.73%0.71%0.72%0.75%0.95%1.12%1.44%1.57%1.53%1.45%1.37%1.32%R&DPortugal
ParaguayACT 1.09%1.16%0.9%0.84%0.63% 0.40% 0.37%0.35% STAParaguay
ParaguayI+D 0.08%0.10%0.08%0.08%0.08% 0.06% 0.05%0.08% R&DParaguay
El SalvadorACT 0.29%0.30%0.30%0.30%0.82% 0.78%0.87%0.93%0.98%0.97%1.08%1.14%STAEl Salvador
El SalvadorI+D 0.08% 0.08%0.10%0.07%0.06%0.03%0.03%0.05%R&DEl Salvador
Trinidad y TobagoACT 0.28%0.29%0.33%0.33%0.30%0.26%0.26%0.23%0.21%0.18%0.11%0.10%0.07%0.15%0.11%0.11%0.11%0.13%STATrinidad y Tobago
Trinidad y TobagoI+D 0.10%0.11%0.12%0.12%0.10%0.10%0.13%0.11%0.11%0.11%0.07%0.05%0.03%0.05%0.04%0.04%0.04%0.05%R&DTrinidad y Tobago
Estados UnidosACT STAUnited States
Estados UnidosI+D2.54%2.60%2.52%2.40%2.31%2.39%2.43%2.46%2.49%2.53%2.61%2.63%2.54%2.54%2.48%2.49%2.54%2.62%2.76%2.80%2.72%2.75%2.79%2.72%R&DUnited States
UruguayACT 0.25% 0.65%0.62%0.72%0.69%0.59%0.55%0.51%STAUruguay
UruguayI+D0.24%0.14%0.18%0.07%0.14%0.27%0.26%0.38%0.21%0.25%0.23% 0.23% 0.36%0.42%0.37%0.42%0.35%0.35%0.33%0.32%R&DUruguay
VenezuelaACT0.36%0.39%0.49%0.47%0.57% 0.43%0.38%0.38%0.37%0.49%0.42%0.31%0.25%0.32%0.42%0.48%0.42%0.40%0.26%0.19%0.28%0.35%STAVenezuela
VenezuelaI+D 0.18%0.31%0.20%0.23%0.24%0.18%0.15%0.25%0.32%R&DVenezuela
América Latina y el CaribeACT0.69%0.65%0.63%0.66%0.69%0.76%0.77%0.84%0.83%0.75%0.74%0.74%0.72%0.83%0.80%0.80%0.76%0.80%0.84%0.89%0.91%0.88%0.90%0.92%STALatin America and the Caribbean
América Latina y el CaribeI+D0.48%0.43%0.42%0.43%0.46%0.50%0.50%0.71%0.71%0.65%0.52%0.53%0.51%0.55%0.52%0.54%0.52%0.57%0.61%0.64%0.68%0.67%0.67%0.68%R&DLatin America and the Caribbean
IberoaméricaACT STAIbero-America
IberoaméricaI+D0.59%0.57%0.58%0.56%0.55%0.58%0.58%0.73%0.74%0.71%0.61%0.61%0.62%0.65%0.63%0.65%0.65%0.70%0.75%0.79%0.81%0.79%0.77%0.77%R&DIbero-America
Notas:
- ACT: Corresponde a Actividades Científicas y Tecnológicas. I+D: Corresponde a Investigación y Desarrollo Experimental
- Argentina: Durante los años 2009 a 2013 el cálculo del gasto en ACT a nivel nacional sólo tiene en cuenta la inversión de I+D del sector empresarial. Además, el gasto en I+D del sector de empresas de los años 2010 y 2012 corresponde a valores estimados.
- Bolivia: La información remitida para el año 2009 corresponde a una respuesta del 30% de las instituciones encuestadas.
- Guatemala: La información consignada corresponden al gasto del sector Gobierno y Educación Superior.
- México: La información consignada como gasto en ACT refiere únicamente al Gasto Federal en ciencia y tecnología. La información consignada como gasto en ACT refiere únicamente al Gasto Federal en ciencia y tecnología.
- Perú: Los valores de 2011 a 2013 corresponden a la ejecución del gasto del Programa de Ciencia y Tecnología (Ministerio de Economía y Finanzas).
- El Salvador: Los datos consignados como gasto en CyT corresponden al gasto realizado por los sectores de Educación Superior y Gobierno. La información consignada corresponde al gasto realizado por el sector de Educación Superior hasta el año 2012. El dato del año 2013 incluye también el gasto en ciencia y tecnología del sector gobierno.
- Uruguay: A partir del 2013 se produce un cambio en la metodología de cálculo del gasto nacional en actividades de Ciencia y Tecnología, considerando nuevos criterios para el cálculo del gasto privado (tanto para el 2013 como para estimaciones de años anteriores).
- América Latina y el Caribe: Los datos son estimados.
- Iberoamérica: Los datos son estimados.
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